Dog breeding is not a simple process, and care shouldn’t be taken to ensure the health of both dogs involved. Many first-time breeders are unsure of just how often they can breed their dog.
This is an important factor to consider for successful pregnancies – and it can help avoid the chances of an unwanted litter. Unexpected puppies are a strain for anybody, whether you’re a dog breeder or not.
A male dog isn’t limited to just one mating a day, and they can breed year round. However, the more frequently they mate the fewer chances there are of a pregnancy. This guide explains the basics of how often you can mate a male, as well as considering how often you should mate a male.
How many times a day can a male dog mate successfully?
A male dog can potentially mate successfully twice in one day, but this isn’t recommended for regular routine. Just because they can mate doesn’t mean they should.
Left to its own instinct, there can be no limit to how often a male dog will try to mate a female in heat. A breeding male dog, or stud, may mate up to ten times in a single day. However, a breeder will know that after a while the sperm begins to deplete, and the mating has less chance of being successful. That doesn’t mean it won’t work, it just means it gets a lot less likely.
The general recommendation is that a male dog should mate with a female no more than twice a day. The more often a dog mates, the more likely it is that the sperm depletes. This makes it less and less likely that the female, or bitch, will get pregnant.
Ideally, a male dog will only mate every other day, or perhaps even less often. By waiting for every other day, the dog has a chance for its sperm to replenish. This keeps both the male dog, and his sperm, at a high quality.
If you do have a male dog you’re looking to breed, and the opportunity arises to mate two females in one day, this is possible. However, it shouldn’t only be done on occasion. Too regularly, and it begins to affect the health of your dog.
Will a male dog lose interest after mating?
The average stud dog may not lose interest after mating, but this is affected by varying factors. The biggest thing to consider is age. As a dog ages its libido decreases, and it becomes less interested in mating.
The temperament and personality of the male dog will also come into play. Another factor to consider is the overall health of the dog. Finally, if it’s a stud dog who has been frequently used for mating, anecdotal evidence suggests they begin to lose interest.
There’s no guarantee that a dog will or won’t lose interest after mating. It depends greatly on the dog in question.
Is it wrong for a male dog to mate twice a day or more?
Studs are male dogs chosen by breeders for their absence of genetic illness and faults. These dogs are used for breeding, and are prized possessions of the owner. For this purpose, they need to be kept healthy. Breeders will treat a stud dog with the utmost care, to ensure they can continue to get litters from them.
Breeders who are focused solely on the potential financial gain, with little concern of the dog’s wellbeing, may start over breeding their dog. By making the stud mate multiple times a day, they believe they’re creating the best opportunity for profit.
However, the more often a male dog mates, the fewer chances there are for the breeding to be successful. Throughout the day the sperm count will deplete. Meaning by the third mating the chances of the bitch getting pregnant are low. It isn’t impossible, but it is unlikely. If the same were to happen the next day, the stud would have almost no time to rest. Over time, this will only decrease the likelihood of pregnancy.
Most stud breeders will agree that a male dog should mate once a day at maximum. This allows the dog to rest and the sperm quality to improve.
Some breeders will only allow a male stud to mate once every other day, or once a week. In fact, some breeders only allow their stud dog to mate every couple of months.
They believe that otherwise the sperm quality will suffer too much. By limiting mating, they believe they’re creating the highest chance for the female to get pregnant.
While the female can become pregnant if it’s the second or third time a dog has mated that day, it is a decreased chance. You should only breed a male dog twice in one day on rare occasions. Try and leave the longest time possible between each mating e.g. once in the morning and once in the evening. This way the male has time to rest and recover.
For breeders with two female dogs, it’s incredibly important to act responsibly. If they come into heat at the same time then both will want to mate with the male.
If only one of the females is breeding, keep it separate from the stud at all times.
How often can a male dog mate monthly or yearly?
A male dog is able to mate year round. Technically, a male dog could mate every day of a month, for the entire year. This would result in a very tired dog, and the majority of those attempts at mating are unlikely to be successful. The sperm count would continue to reduce, and the dog wouldn’t have enough time to rest between mating.
Male dogs can do this because they don’t rely on a cycle for mating. Female dogs, on the other hand, only mate when they’re in heat. This is when they’re fertile.
For a successful pregnancy, the stud dog must breed with a female when she is in heat.
Bitches only come into heat roughly twice a year, at an interval of around six months. This is the only time the female can get pregnant.
However, when this heat occurs varies from dog to dog. The date of birth greatly affects when a female will come into heat. This means that different bitches will be coming into heat year round. So there can always be a female dog available for a male to mate with.
For owners of unneutered dogs, this can be a major problem. No one wants a sudden surprise litter of puppies.
Dogs who aren’t neutered must be kept on a leash at all times, especially if you’re walking a popular dog route. This applies to both male and female dogs. Otherwise, you risk an unwanted mating, and a potential unwanted pregnancy.
When can a male dog start mating?
There is no set age at which a male dog can start mating, but it generally occurs around 6 – 12 months old. When they reach sexual maturity depends massively on factors such as the size and breed of the dog.
A smaller dog tends to reach sexual maturity before a larger dog, and they may potentially be ready to breed at 5 months old. On the other hand, it may take a larger dog much longer. They could be up to 2 years old before they’ve reached sexual maturity.
There are signs to look for to determine whether your dog is beginning to reach sexual maturity. They start searching for objects to mate with, such as a cushion, or an owner’s leg. They may also start trying to scent mark things with their urine. Both behaviors indicate a dog is beginning to be ready to start mating.
These are normal behaviors, but they aren’t very pleasant to deal with. As owners, we’ll be looking for ways to correct them. Clear, firm, and consistent corrections should deter the dogs from acting out. But be patient, because the dogs are acting entirely on instinct.
Once your dog has reached sexual maturity, you still may not want to start breeding right away. Some breeders will wait until the dog is 2 years old before they start mating, regardless of size. Doing this allows the dog to mature and become more physically ready for mating. It also gives time for any potential issues or genetic faults to show.
While a dog may be ready to start mating at as little as 5 months old, it’s still better to allow them to mature before mating begins.
After my dog has been neutered, will it lose interest in mating?
Most dogs will lose their libido after being neutered, but surprisingly, not all of them will. This is due to hormones. In some cases, sex hormones will remain present in the dog, and continue to motivate their sexual urges.
If you have a dog with a particularly bad humping problem, then you’re probably hoping that neutering will put a stop to it. The bad news is that there is no guarantee. Even for dogs with no sexual urges, humping may have become a habit, or a personality trait.
You should still see some changes in your dog’s behavior. A neutered dog will generally be calmer, with less excess energy. They become more submissive as well. So even if the sex drive hasn’t been removed completely, it should still be lessened by these side effects.
How can I stop my dog mating if it turns into a problem?
An unneutered dog can be a massive pain for an owner, no matter how much we may love them. In the presence of a female in heat, a stud male can suddenly start behaving very strangely.
A previously normal dog can become frenzied, and will stop at almost nothing to consummate its instincts. They won’t listen to commands, and may try to run off. They won’t necessarily become aggressive, but they are difficult to handle.
Even a dog at home can act strange if they sense a female in heat. A determined stud may try and tunnel their way out, or even leap over a fence.
When walking, always keep a breeding dog on a leash. This will prevent them from running off to mate with any passing females who are in heat.
At home, take care to make the garden escape proof. Look for areas where a dog may have been digging. Take particular care around any fences, and fill in any holes as you encounter them. Always double check that gates are locked.
A stud dog should be a prized possession, and care must be taken to ensure they’re fit and healthy. While a male can be mated twice, or even three times, a day, this is not recommended. Especially not regularly. Otherwise, the dog’s sperm count will deplete, and each mating gets progressively unlikely to succeed.
Ideally, a male dog will be mated at most every other day. This way the dog is able to rest, and the chance of pregnancy remains high. The health of your stud dog is of utmost importance, so risks shouldn’t be taken where they can be avoided.