Pale Gums in Dogs: What You Need to Know
Did you know that the color of your dog’s gums could tell you a lot about your dog’s health?
I’m not kidding!
It’s easy to tell when a human’s sick, there are so many signs, like pale skin, tired eyes, etc.
The same way, you can tell that your doggy is sick just by looking at some areas, like their gums!
In fact, a dog’s gums change color when he’s going through some illness.
They could turn a variety of different colors like reddish, yellow, blue, etc.
Today, we’ll talk about what pale gums in dogs mean, causes of pale gums in dogs, etc.
Let’s jump right in, shall we?
How To Examine Your Dog’s Gums The Right Way!
Before you get into panic mode about your dog’s pale gums and wonder about the pale gums in dogs symptoms, let’s talk about how we should examine your dog’s gums the right way!
This’ll surely save you a lot of worries!
Step 1: Check Your Doggy Friend’s Gums When He’s Healthy
Catch a hold of that furry ball of yours and lift up your doggy’s upper lip to reveal the gums.
Now, the ‘normal’ color of the gums depends on your dog’s breed, but, usually, the normal color is between salmon pink to bubblegum in color.
In fact, some breeds will also have doggie black gums. It just depends!
Step 2: Make A Note of Your Dog’s Actual Gum Color
So, you’ve got your fingers in your dog’s mouth while he’s looking at you like you’re crazy…
You must be thinking why you’re doing it!
Well, I’ll tell you.
You’re doing it so that you can ‘click’ a mental picture of your doggy’s healthy gum color so that when the time comes, you know that there’s something wrong with your friend.
Step 3: Hold Routine Checks
This ‘assessment’ shouldn’t be a one-time thing!
You should check your gums routinely, maybe about once or twice a month to make sure that all is a-okay with your doggy friend!
After all, prevention is better than cure.
Blue, Red, Yellow or Pale Gums In Dogs and What They Mean!
So, as I mentioned before, a dog’s gums can say a lot about the dog’s health.
Let’s go over what they all indicate, shall we?
Make a note that there are several things that affect the color of your doggy friend’s gums, so make a point to see the veterinarian if you feel that something is seriously wrong with your doggy friend’s gums.
Let’s talk reasons!
|Color of Gums||Possible Reasons|
|Cherry Red||heat stroke, exposure to toxins, carbon monoxide poisoning, high blood pressure|
|Slightly Red||Gingivitis, topical irritation (from chewing wood or a new toy), infection|
|Blue or Purple||trouble breathing, lack of oxygen, pneumonia, choking, asthma, heart disease, low blood pressure, hypothermia|
|Yellow||Liver problem, destruction of red blood cells, anemia|
|Pale||heart problems, anemia, blood clotting disorder, kidney disease, internal bleeding, shock, rat poison, bloat, heavy metal poison, hypothermia, cancer|
There’s an important thing to note.
In case you see any abnormalities in your dog’s gums, visit the vet immediately and they’ll know what to do.
Don’t procrastinate! This could be very harmful to your little doggy friend…
What Causes Pale Gums In Dogs?
Now that we know that pale gums in dogs are a red flag, let’s talk about the things that can cause pale gums in dogs.
Let’s jump right in!
1. Kidney Disease / Chronic Renal Failure
You must be wondering what kidney has to do with pale gums…
It could get a little technical, but bear with me!
So, kidneys produce a hormone in your doggy’s body called erythropoietin which basically tells the bone marrow to cook up some red blood cells.
This means that when the function of the kidney gets impaired somehow, lesser amounts of erythropoietin are made.
This makes your doggy anemic and develops those pale gums.
2. Internal Bleeding
This is a tricky one as it can be caused due to several factors.
Let’s go through a few of them, shall we?
○ Your doggy could have been internally injured after a traumatic event, like getting hit by a car
○ Stomach ulcers can also trigger internal bleeding. In this case, keep an eye out for your dog’s black, tarry stools
○ Damage to the doggy’s kidney, liver or spleen.
○ Splenic mass could have ruptured and bled. In this case, look out for lethargy, collapse, and belly fluid
If your doggy’s body has been in shock, the blood could be concentrated in specific parts of your furry friend’s body.
What does this mean?
Well, this simply means that blood is flowing to the important organs, like heart, and not to extremities like your doggy’s gums.
In this case, you should be taking your ball of fur to the vet as soon as possible.
4. Blood Clotting Disorders
Well, in some cases, the doggy’s blood doesn’t normally coagulate.
This means that your dog is simply predisposed to excessive or abnormal bleeding.
Thrombocytopathy and thrombocytopenia are some blood clotting disorders that cause pale gums in dogs.
5. Auto-immune Disease
This is a tricky one.
In this condition, your doggy’s immune system basically attacks itself.
Similar to Hemolytic anemia where the immune system destroys the dog’s red blood cells which can cause pale gums and anemia.
But, get this diagnosed by your vet!
If your doggy friend has a distended and swollen abdomen and is stressed and vomiting then, this may just be a case of bloating!
In this, your doggy friend may have white gums.
Well, the pale gums appear in this case just because the stomach torsion basically just stops the blood from returning to the heart from the lower body.
7. Heart Disease
Pale gums in dogs could be because of a heart problem.
The causes a drop in the doggy’s blood pressure and causes a variety of symptoms like:
● rapid breathing
● pale gums
● poor appetite
● enlarged abdomen
● weak pulse
Do get your doggy friend checked out by your vet to find the right course of treatment!
8. Parasite Infestation
Parasites can be found in doggies that have a lot of intestinal worms like the hookworms.
But, there’s a catch!
These can also be found in dogs that have a severe flea infestation! Fleas can consume up to 15 times more of their own body weights!
This could cause parasitic anemia and tick-borne diseases could also cause anemia.
9. Metal Toxicity
Heavy metal toxicity like Zinc toxicity could cause pale gums in dogs.
This is because Zinc basically interferes with absorption of iron which is meant to produce red blood cells. This triggers anemia.
The doggies affected can develop pale or yellow-colored gums. This also comes with the yellowing of the skin turning brown, and an orangish tint to the urine.
This is a serious condition as some doggies can even show early signs of acute kidney failure.
Go to your vet!
10. Rat poison
Did you know that rat poison could cause pale gums in dogs?
That’s because rat poison is known to contain warfarin, which is an anticoagulant. This anticoagulant causes the doggy to bleed profusely.
Keep the rat poison away!
Some forms of cancer can cause a decrease in the production of red blood cells, which cause pale gums in dogs.
These are usually found in the cancers that affect the spleen and the liver.
They also lead to internal bleeding in the abdomen.
Many serious medical issues require professional care. But like the old saying goes “an apple a day, keeps the doctor away” and this holds the same for your dog. Not literally of course!
Simple items like routine exercise, keeping the floors and furniture clean, and avoiding food scraps can go a long way in helping prevent illnesses.
Even keeping a watchful eye on your pup’s food intake and maintaining a balanced diet can prevent iron deficiency which can lead to anemia.
Other than that, keep your pup happy!
Pale Gums In Dogs: Key Takeaways
Your doggy’s gums can tell you a lot about your friend’s health.
So, you should make a point to check them regularly to know that everything’s a-okay with your furry bundle of joy!
Gums can be of a lot of colors like red, yellow, purple or just pale when your dog is sick. They all mean different things.
So, get your doggy to the vet!
If you feel that your dog has pale gums, stop reading this article and call the vet to know what’s wrong!
I hope this article helped you figure out everything you need to know about pale gums in dogs.
If you’ve still got any questions, please comment them and I’ll be happy to answer!